18/03/2016

Two things I learned about HTML and CSS

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I've never worked a lot of with CSS. However, from time to time I do something with it, for example in order to check out new possibilities. Recently, I read about CSS transformations and I decided to give it a try. For the beginning I wanted to achieve a very simple effect i.e. a red square with a blue and a green diagonal lines. It sounds simple and it is simple but there are traps in this exercise. I decided to write this post because it took me a moment to figure out that was wrong. It was also difficult to find a solution in Internet. Maybe because it is so obvious ;)

My idea was to use 3 div elements. One for a square and 2 for diagonal lines. I also wanted to use transformations in order to rotate divs so that they look like diagonals. My first attempt looks as follows. Do you know what is wrong? There are 2 main problems here.

Scroll down if you want to see a correct solution:
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I changed two things, one in html and one in CSS:
  • The first problem was that I used div as a self closing tag. It is not allowed. Browsers treat <div /> as <div >. It is quite difficult to spot.
  • The second problem was in the greenLine style. It was not enough to rotate the green div by 45 degrees. Firstly we need to translate it in this way: translate(100px,-141px) rotate(45deg). It might be surprising because in the case of the blue div the rotation was enough. However, we we have to remember that the green div is not located in the origin of the coordinate system but just below the blue div. The blue div looks like a thin line but it's height is set to 141 pixels.

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